HIV in Children

PROPHYLAXIS FOR CHRONIC DIARRHEA

Dr. Ira Shah
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Last Updated : 1st September 2012

Primary importance


  • Drink boiled and filtered water.
  • Clean raw fruits and vegetables adequately before consumption
  • Proper hand washing

Cryptosporidium
  • No prophylaxis

Microsporidia
  • No chemoprophylaxis is known to prevent microsporidiosis.

Isospora Belli & Cyclospora
  • TMP/SMX used as prophylaxis for PCP also protects against Isospora and cyclospora.
  • Secondary prophylaxis with TMP/SMX [150 mg/m2/day of TMP] is recommended to prevent relapse.

Drugs & Dosage of TMP-SMX



Drugs Dosage
TMP/SMX 150 mg of TMP m2/day PO BD on alternate day 5 mg/kg of TMP/day PO HS daily

PROPHYLAXIS FOR CHRONIC DIARRHEA
Dr. Ira Shah
Incharge Pediatric HIV and TB Clinic, B.J.Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India Consultant in Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai, India.
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